1. Racism is a normal part of American life, often lacking the ability to be distinctively recognized, and thus is difficult to eliminate or address (Delgado, 1995; Delgado & Stefancic, 2001; Ladson- Billings, 2000; Solórzano, 1998). Racial microaggressions—“subtle insults (verbal, nonverbal, and/or visual) directed toward people of color, often automatically or unconsciously” (Solórzano, Ceja, & Yosso, 2000, p. 60)—replace more overt demonstrations of racism in most settings. A CRT lens unveils the various forms in which racism continually manifests itself, despite espoused institutional values regarding equity and social justice.
From Shaun R. Harper, Lori D. Patton, & Ontario S. Wooden, “Access and Equity for African American Students in Higher Education: A Critical Race Historical Analysis of Policy Efforts,” Journal of Higher Education 80, no. 4 (2009): 390.